THE COMPANION BIBLE is a new Edition of the English Bible (new in 1909). Published originally in six Parts, it is now presented in one Volume, and the description which follows shows that the Work is a self-explanatory Bible designed for the general use of all English readers throughout the world.
It has an amount of information (much of it hitherto inaccessible to the ordinary English reader) in its wide margins not to be found in any edition of the A.V. extant. Its position, in these respects, is unique.
In size and weight, and type and paper, as well as price, it will compare favourably with all existing editions.
It is called THE COMPANION BIBLE because its wide margin is intended to be a Companion to the Text; and the whole is designed as the Companion of all readers of the Bible.
The human element is excluded, as far as possible, so that the reader may realize that the pervading object of the book is not merely to enable him to interpret the Bible, but to make the Bible the interpreter of God's Word, and Will, to him.
To the same end this Edition is not associated with the name of any man; so that its usefulness may neither be influenced nor limited by any such consideration; but that it may commend itself, on its own merits, to the whole English-speaking race.
It is NOT A NEW Translation.
The Text is that of the Authorized Version of 1611 as published by the Revisers in their "Parallel Bible" in 1886.
THE TYPES EMPLOYED IN THE TEXT.
1. These distinguish ALL the Divine Names and Titles.
small circle (°) against a word or words in the Text calls attention to
the same word or words which are REPEATED in the right-hand margin,
with the number of the verse to which they belong.
THE MARGINAL NOTES.
In the OLD TESTAMENT all the important readings will be given1
according to Dr. C. D. Ginsburg's Massoretico-Critical Text of the
Referred to on p. vii make THE COMPANION BIBLE an unique edition, and require a special notice.
They give, not a mere Analysis evolved from the Text by human ingenuity, but a Symmetrical Exhibition of the Word itself, which may be discerned by the humblest reader of the Sacred Text, and seen to be one of the most important evidences of the Divine Inspiration of its words.
For these Structures constitute a remarkable phenomenon peculiar to Divine Revelation; and are not found outside it in any other form of known literature.
This distinguishing feature is caused by the repetition of subjects which reappear1, either in alternation or introversion, or a combination of both in many divers manners.
This repetition is called "Correspondence", which may be by way of similarity of contrast; synthetic or antithetic.
The subjects of the various Members are indicated by letters, which are quite arbitrary and are used only for convenience. The subject of one Member is marked by a letter in Roman type, while the repetition of it is marked by the same letter in Italic type. These are always in line (vertically), one with the other.
When the alphabet is exhausted, it is repeated, as often as may be necessary.
The Structure of the whole book is given at the commencement of each book; and all the succeeding Structures are the expansion of this.
Each Structure is referred back to the page containing the larger Member, of which it is an expansion or development.
The large Members forming a telescopic view of the whole book are thus expanded, divided, and subdivided, until chapters and paragraphs, and even verses and sentences, are seen to form part of a wondrous whole, giving a microscopic view of its manifold details, and showing forth the fact, that while the works of the LORD are great and perfect, the WORD of the LORD is the greatest of His works, and is "perfect" also (Psalm 19. 7).
Contain a large amount of information bearing on the various questions raised by the phenomena of the Sacred Text.
Those issued with each of the four volumes pertain principally to such volumes. But in the complete Bible they will all be placed together at the end.
The number of those which are given with the Pentateuch may be out of proportion to the total number, because those issued with Genesis are needed not only for that book, but many of them (such as the Chronological Tables, &c.) contain information that will be required and referred to throughout the Bible.
The order of the Appendixes is determined for the most part by the order in which the subjects are raised in the Text of the Bible.
1 It is this repetition which has made possible the system of Bible-marking known by some as "Railways.”
REFERENCES. Where there is no name of a book in the margin, the reference is always to the same book , and all the References in the margin are to The Companion Bible, not to any Edition of the, A.V., or R.V.
SUPERIOR FIGURES, in the Text, always refer to the verse, so numbered, in the same chapter.
The repetition of the same subject in a note is sometimes indicated by its initial (capital) letter.
The figures in the left-hand margin relate to two separate matters. Those in brackets, with a "p", refer to the number of the page on which the corresponding letter and member will be found. The number of the page so indicated holds good until another page number is given.
The other figures refer to the B.C. dates.
THE TRANSLITERATION OF HEBREW WORDS .
WITH the aid of the following Table, any English reader who knows the Hebrew alphabet can put back the English letters into the Hebrew characters, by noting the exact equivalents:--
The six consonants marked with an asterisk (*) have a dot (Dagesh) within them, when placed at the beginning of a word; but not when they are situated in any other part of the word (except when the letter in question is to be doubled, in which case it is doubled in the English).
As an example of the application of the above principles, the following is the first verse in the Hebrew Bible, the Hebrew being read from right to left:--